Alkanes are a form of hydrocarbons.
They all have the general formula of CnH2n+2
Different Alkanes make up normal Crude oil.
They are used as fuels becaues they burn easily.
Some Alkanes have isomers (all except methane, ethane and propane)
List of AlkanesEdit
Structural Fomula: CH4
Structural Formula: CH3-CH3
Structural Formula: CH3-CH2-CH3
Structural Formula: CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3
Substitution with HalogensEdit
Alkanes react with halogens to form compounds such as chloromethane.
CH4 + Cl2 --> CH3Cl +HCl
This reaction must be carried out in sunlight or UV light.