The Beerhall, or Munich Putsch was a failed putsch by the Nazis, where they attempted to get power of Munich, Bavaria and then ultimately Germany. Hitler enlisted the help of Ludendorff, an old army general.
8 Nov 1923Edit
On the 8th November 1923, Kahr (the Bavarian Prime Minister) was addressing a meeting at a beer hall in Munich, with two of his most senior ministers. Hitler arrived with Goering and around 600 Stormtroopers, and took Kahr and the ministers into a side room. Here he attempted to persuade them to support him in overthrowing the Weimar government. However, no men agreed to this, even at gun point. Even so, Hitler returned to the main hall, and announced the men had joined him. Ludendorff had been a massive part of Hitler's plan, as he was the one person who may be able to persuade everyone. However, Ludendorff was late. When he did turn up, he managed to persuade Kahr and his ministers to join Hitler. Hitler, with the others then made a speech about this, and swore loyalty to each other.
9 Nov 1923Edit
On the 9th November 1923, Hitler, Ludendorff and some Nazis planned to march on Munich. However, Kahr had been allowed to leave by Ludendorff, and quickly alerted the government who ordered the Bavarian army to crush this march. However, the Nazis could not change their decisions. Hitler hoped that Ludendorff would be able to persuade the army and the police to join him.
On the next morning, Hitler took 3000 Nazis along with Ludendorff and they marched to Munich. However, at the town, they found the police and the army in a narrow street, blocking their way. Suddenly, a shot was fired, and then bullets began to fly in from everywhere. During this, Hitler fell and dislocated his shoulder. Because of this, he lost his cool and struggled to a motor car where he was taken to hospital. Ludendorff marched on, and was arrested soon after. Hitler was also arrested, 2 days later, taken to Landsberg Prison.
Hitler's trial was held in Munich. Hitler was given a lot of freedom at his trial, he was allowed to wear a suit, as opposed to a prison uniform. He was also allowed to speak freely, he spoke for 4 hours, in this time he put over many of his ideas to those in the court. In March 1924 he gave his final speech, in this he said that history would disregard the outcome of the trial. This trial gave Hitler huge national publicity which would have otherwise been difficult. Fortunately for him the main judge was a nationalist sympathizer, this meant that he only got sentenced to 5 years in prison.