The imperfect tense in Spanish is used to either:

  • say what used to happen
  • say what was happening at a particular time in the past
  • give a description in the past


Remove the -AR, -ER or -IR ending and add the imperfect ending.

Regular VerbsEdit

-AR verbs (e.g. trabajar-to work)

trabajaba – I used to worked

trabajabas - you (singular) used to work

trabajaba - he/she/it used to work

trabajábaamos - we used to work

trabajabais - you (plural) used to work

trabajaban - they used to work

-ER verbs (e.g. tener-to have)

tenía - I used to eat

tenías- you (singular) used to eat

tenía- he/she/it used to eat

teníamos- we used to eat

teníais - you (plural) used to eat

tenían - they used to eat

-IR verbs (e.g. salir-to go out)

sala - I used to go out

salías - you (singular) used to go out

salía - he/she/it used to go outs

salíamos - we used to go out

salíais - you (plural) used to go out

salían - they used to go out

As you can see, the -ER and -IR endings are the same.

Irregular VerbsEdit


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